Sleeping man in Delhi
Through the many streets in Delhi you can easily find Delhi as a melting pot. You will hear a jumble of vernaculars spoken in Delhi, the most common being Hindi, English, Punjabi and Urdu. In terms of its layout Delhi encaptulates two very different worlds, the 'old' and the 'new', each presenting deliciously different experiences.
Hand-pulled carts in India
As you see in the picture above the man is sitting on a hand-pulled cart which is made of wood. Hand-pulled carts are a part of the pulled rickshaws which is a mode of human-powered transport by which a runner draws a two-wheeled cart which seats one or two people. In recent times the use of human-powered rickshaws has been discouraged or outlawed in many countries due to concern for the welfare of rickshaw workers. Pulled rickshaws have been replaced mainly by cycle rickshaw and auto rickshaws.
India's working population
The photographer took the portrait of the sleeping man in Delhi. The sleeping man and worker is part of the unorganised sector in India. Over ninetyfour percent of India's working population is part of the unorganised sector. In local terms, organised sector or formal sector in India refers to licensed organisations, that is, those who are registered and pay sales tax, income tax and so on. These include the publicly traded companies, incorporated or formally registered entities, corporations, factories, shopping malls, hotels and large businesses. Unorganised sector, also known as informal sector or own account enterprises, refers to all unlicensed, self-employed or unregistered economic activity such as owner manned general stores, handicrafts and handloom workers, rural traders, farmers and so on. India's has classified the unorganised labor in India into four groups. This classification categorized India's unorganised labor force by occupation, nature of employment, specially distressed categories and service categories and the unorganised occupational groups include small and marginal farmers, landless agricultural labourers, share croppers, fishermen, those engaged in animal husbandry, beedi rolling, labeling and packing, building and construction workers, leather workers, weavers, artisans, salt workers, workers in brick kilns and stone quarries, workers in saw mills, and workers in oil mills. A separate category based on nature of employment includes attached agricultural labourers, bonded labourers, migrant workers, contract and casual labourers. Another separate category dedicated to distressed unorganised sector includes toddy tappers, scavengers, carriers of head loads, drivers of animal driven vehicles, loaders and unloaders.
"The last unorganised labour category in India includes service workers such as midwives, domestic workers, barbers, vegetable and fruit vendors, newspaper vendors, pavement vendors, hand cart operators and the unorganised retails"
Street sleeping photographed in India
Sleep is a naturally recurring state of mind and body, characterized by altered consciousness, relatively inhibited sensory activity, inhibition of nearly all voluntary muscles and reduced interactions with surroundings. It is distinguished from wakefulness by a decreased ability to react to stimuli, but more reactive than disorders of consciousness, sleep displaying very different and active brain patterns. In some societies, people sleep with at least one other person and sometimes many or with animals. In other cultures, people rarely sleep with anyone except for an intimate partner. In almost all societies, sleeping partners are strongly regulated by social standards. For instance, a person might only sleep with the immediate family, the extended family, a spouse or romantic partner, children, children of a certain age, children of specific gender, peers of a certain gender, friends, peers of equal social rank or with no one at all. Sleep may be an actively social time, depending on the sleep groupings, with no constraints on noise or activity. "- Some societies in India display a fragmented sleep pattern in which people sleep at all times of the day as with this photograph from India and night for shorter periods", the Photographer says.
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